FSC forest management certification requirements are demanding for forest managers to implement. Supply of certified wood is often not sufficiently available to meet demand. Therefore, FSC allows businesses to source controlled wood to make up a limited percentage (30 per cent) of the total manufactured product. Controlled wood provides for an acceptable option for those businesses that cannot procure themselves enough FSC-certified material and still offer consumers the possibility of purchasing products from certified and controlled sources.

Under FSC’s controlled wood standard, organizations must commit to obtaining their raw mate-rials from low-risk sources which excludes five unacceptable categories:

  • illegally harvested wood
  • wood harvested in violation of traditional and human rights (for example forced or child labour)
  • wood harvested in forests in which high conservation values are threatened by management activities
  • wood harvested in forests being converted to plantations or non-forest use
  • wood from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted.

FSC-certified businesses that do not respect FSC policies will face disciplinary actions from certification bodies that carry out periodical audits to assess their operations. These actions, depending on the violation, range from corrective measures to immediate termination of certificates.

FSC has recently strengthened its controlled wood standard through an extensive revision involving numerous stakeholders.



  1. What is controlled wood?

    FSC controlled wood is material from acceptable sources that can be mixed with FSC-certified material in products carrying the FSC Mix label.

  2. Why is the FSC Mix label an assurance for consumers?

    The FSC Mix label ensures that sourcing originates only from acceptable non-controversial harvesting, including material from FSC-certified forests, recycling and/or controlled wood.