FSC Mix and Controlled Wood labels 

Any business that holds an FSC certificate commits to the strictest standards currently governing responsible forest management to be able to sell products with an FSC label.
FSC label

Only products using FSC-certified materials can carry the FSC label. 

There are three different types of FSC labels:  

  1. FSC 100%:  all sourced materials of the labelled product come from FSC-certified forests;  
  2. FSC Recycled: the materials used for the products are 100 per cent recycled;  
  3. FSC Mix: the product is made with a mix of materials from FSC-certified forests, recycled sources and/or FSC controlled wood.  

To watch a video on what the FSC labels on a product mean, click here.   

On the FSC Mix label  

It is not always possible to manufacture a product using only materials from certified forests as the available supply of wood often does not meet demand.  

FSC therefore authorizes businesses to mix wood from FSC-certified forests or reclaimed materials with wood coming from forests that are not FSC certified but controlled. In many cases, mixing is the only feasible way to allow more companies to produce certified items and participate in the FSC system.   

FSC is working hard to increase the FSC-certified forests areas as well as the share of FSC 100% or FSC Recycled labelled products. On the long term, FSC hopes growing demand will encourage more forest owners and managers to improve management practices and move towards FSC certification. This should lead to increased supply and visibility, and ultimately growth in demand.  

What is FSC Controlled wood?  

FSC controlled wood is material from acceptable sources that can be mixed with FSC-certified material in products carrying the FSC Mix label. Its sourcing originates only from acceptable non-controversial harvesting.  

In FSC Mix labelled products, controlled wood can make up a limited percentage (30 per cent maximum) of the total manufactured product.   

Under FSC’s controlled wood standard, organizations must commit to obtaining their raw materials from low-risk sources which excludes five unacceptable categories.   

  • Illegally harvested wood  
  • Wood harvested in violation of traditional and human rights (i.e. forced or child labour)  
  • Wood harvested in forests in which management activities threaten high conservation values   
  • Wood harvested in forests being converted to plantations or non-forest use  
  • Wood from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted.  

FSC controlled wood is a first step to improve forest management, as it imposes a first restriction on the supply of non-certified wood. The related guidelines FSC has developed to define controlled wood lower the risk to include materials from unacceptable sources into FSC Mix labelled products. This helps to address significant problems like illegal logging, human and traditional rights violation, and deforestation.