Controlled wood is uncertified material from acceptable sources that can be mixed with FSC-certified material in products that carry the FSC MIX label.
It is a first step to improve forest management because it places restrictions on the procurement of non-FSC certified wood. FSC’s controlled wood standards mitigate the risk of materials from unacceptable sources being included in FSC MIX products. This helps to address significant problems like illegal logging, human and traditional rights violations, harming socially and environmentally valuable forests, deforestation, and the introduction of GMOs.
The arrangement of controlled wood promotes FSC-certified organizations coordinating with uncertified entities in tackling these problems. This aims to reduce the risk that non-certified material used in the manufacture of FSC MIX products is linked to practices that harm forests and people. It also aims to reduce, and eventually eliminate, those risks over time by mitigating the problems that underlie these practices.
There are two ways that material can be designated as controlled wood:
1. The source forest can be assessed against FSC’s controlled wood standard for forest management (FSC-STD-30-010).
2. Manufacturers can control their non-certified inputs by being assessed against FSC’s controlled wood standard for chain of custody (FSC-STD-40-005). This requires them to adopt a due diligence system which includes determining the origin of the material, assessment of risk of material originating from one of the 5 categories considered unacceptable in FSC supply chains and mitigating whatever risk if found.